Energy Drinks

Use caution with energy drinks.

1,938 Exposures

All Ages - Jan. 1, 2014 - Aug. 31, 2014

Poison centers are urging the public to use caution and common sense when using energy drink products.  

Energy drinks contain highly concentrated amounts of sugar, caffeine, and other ingredients. The American Academy of Pediatrics has concluded that "caffeine and other stimulant substances contained in energy drinks have no place in the diets of children and adolescents." While caffeine in moderate doses is generally considered safe for adults, if adolescents do consume caffeine, they should not consume more than 100 mg of caffeine per day, about the amount in a cup of coffee, according to the journal Pediatrics. Unfortunately, because of the way energy drinks are labeled, it is very difficult to know how much caffeine is in the drink. The drinks can contain natural, caffeine-containing ingredients that are not separately listed, such as yerba mate, taurine, cacao, or guarana, among others. Because these drinks are considered dietary supplements, they are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and there is no limit to the amount of caffeine that can go into them.

Drinking too many energy drinks at one time or drinking one too fast can cause:

  •  Nausea
  • Vomiting 
  •  Nervousness
  •  Tremors
  •  Insomnia
  •  Restlessness
  •  Delirium
  •  Sweating
  •  Headache
  •  Seizures
  •  Increased heart rate
  •  Kidney problems
  •  Altered heart rhythm
  •  Mood changes
  •  Withdrawal
  •  Diarrhea
  •  Chest pains
  •  Increased blood pressure
  •  Dehydration
 

In 2013, poison centers received reports of 3,033 exposures to energy drinks; of those, 1,835 were children 18 and younger.

If you are concerned about a reaction you are having to an energy drink, or if you have questions about whether you should drink one, call your local poison center at 1-800-222-1222. Experts are there all day every day to answer your questions or to help you in a poisoning emergency.  Calls are free, fast and confidential.  

If you or someone you know collapses, has a seizure, or can’t breathe, call 9-1-1 right away.

PLEASE NOTE: The term "exposure" means someone has had contact with the substance in some way; for example, ingested, inhaled, absorbed by the skin or eyes, etc. Not all exposures are poisonings or overdoses.

Energy Drink Exposures Reported to Poison Centers

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